Unseen passage (comprehension)
Directions (1 – 15): In the following questions, you have two passages with 5 questions in each passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark it by blackening the appropriate oval in the answer sheet.
It is not luck but labor that makes man. Luck, says an American author, is ever waiting for something to turn up; Labor with keen eyes and strong will always turns up something. Luck lies in bed and wishes the postman would bring him news of a legacy; Labor turns out at six and with busy pen and ringing hammer lays the foundation of competence. Luck whines, labor watches. Luck relies upon chance, labor upon character. Luck slips downwards to self – indulgence; labor strides upwards and aspires to independence. The conviction, therefore, is extending that diligence is the mother of good luck. In other words, a man’s success in life will be proportionate to his efforts, to his industry, to his attention to small things.
1. Which one of the following statements sums up the meaning of the passage?
(a) Luck often ends in defeat but labour produces luck.
(b) Luck waits without exertion, but labor exerts without waiting.
(c) Luck waits and complains without working while labour achieves success although it complains.
(d) Luck is self – indulgent, but labor is
2. Which one of the following words in the passage indicates that the writer does not ultimately reject the element of luck?
(a) “Luck………. wishes the postman would bring him news.”
(b) “Luck………. is ever waiting.”
(c) “Luck whines”
(d) “Diligence is the mother of good luck.”
3 .”………….. Labor turns out at six and with busy pen and ringing hammer lays the foundation of competence. “What does this statement mean?
(a) There is no worker who works so hard as the labourer who begins his day at six in the morning.
(b) Hard work o fall kinds makes people different.
(c) Labor lays the foundation of the building.
(d) None of the above.
4. Which one of the statements is true about the passage?
(a) Success is exactly proportionate to hard work.
(b) Luck is necessary for success.
(c) Success depends only on hard luck.
(d) Expectation of good luck always meets with disappointment.
5. Which pair of words means the same thing?
(a) Diligence and legacy
(b) Legacy and labor
(c) Labour and industry
(d) Industry and legacy
PASSAGE – 2
Violence has played a great part in the world ‘s history. It is today playing an equally important part and probably it will continue to do so for a considerable time. It is impossible to ignore the importance of violence in the past and present. To do So is to ignore life. Yet violence is undoubtedly bad and brings an unending trail of consequences with it. And worse even than violence are the motives of hatred, cruelty, revenge and punishment which very often accompany violence. Indeed, violence is bad, not intrinsically, but because of these motives that go with it. There can be violence without these motives; there can be violence for a good object as well as for an evil object. But it is extremely difficult to separate violence from these motives, and therefore, it is desirable to avoid violence as far as possible. In avoiding it, however, one cannot accept a negative attitude of submitting to other and far greater evils. Submission to violence or the acceptance of an unjust regime based on violence is the very negative of the spirit of non violence. The non-violence method, in order to justify itself, must be dynamic and capable of changing such a regime of social order.
6. Non – violence, according to the writer, means
(a) Violence without the evil motives
(b) Giving in to the tyranny of the powerful
(c) Accepting violence as a fact of life
(d) None of the above
7. The word ‘dynamic’ in the concluding line of the passage means
(c) Capable of change and progress
(d) All of the above
8. “Violence without these motives” is possible only in
9. “Indeed, violence is bad, not intrinsically, but because of these motives that go with it. “This suggests
(a) Violence is bad because the people who exercise it are bad.
(b) Violence is basically bad.
(C) Violence is basically good.
(d) Violence is bad only when it is associated with certain motives.
10. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
(a) Violence is a historically accepted fact.
(b) Violence cannot be ignored
(c) Only violence can be used against violence
(d) Violence is not inherently evil.
Passage – 3
Self – directed learning, in its broadest meaning. describes a process in which individuals take the initiative with or without the help of others, in diagnosing their learning needs, formulating learning goals. Identifying resources for learning choosing and implementing learning strategies and evaluating learning outcomes. Thus it is important to attain new knowledge easily and skilfully for the rest of his or her life.
What is the need for self – directed learning? One reason is that there is convincing evidence that people. who take the initiative in learning, learn more things and learn better than people who sit at the feet of teachers passively waiting to be taught. The second reason is that self – directed learning is more in tune with our natural processes of psychological development; An essential aspect of maturing is developing the ability to take increasing responsibility of our own lives to become increasingly self – directed. The third reason is that many of the new development in education put a heavy responsibility on the learners to take a good deal of initiative in their own learning. To meet the challenges in today’s’ instructive environment, self-directed learning is most essential.
11. In self – directed learning, an individual
(a) takes initiative with or without the help of others.
(b) Is passive and waits for directions
(c) Is helpless and dependent
(d) Takes initiative, without an objective
12. There is need for self – directed learning because
(a) It is less challenging
(b) It helps people to learn more things and learn better
(c) It is a more cost – effective method
(d) It is a modern method of learning
13. which word best describes self – directed learning?
(a) Active learning
(b) Passive learning To Compulsory learning
(d) Repulsive learning
14. The modern environment according to the author is
(c) Less developed
15. The synonym of the word diagnosing “is